Best Android Games

There are so many game apps available for Android. Here is a list of Android Games

Top 10 Best Free Android Games

Wordfeud

Free crossword style multiplayer word game. Play with friends or random opponents. Participate in up to 30 games simultaneously.

livepoker-Texas Hold’em

Play LIVE poker against your friends on other phones and players connecting from Facebook, MySpace, Bebo, Hi5 and more, directly from your Android device.

Angry Birds

Angry Birds has hit 2 million downloads on Android-based devices in just two days of availability, the game’s developer announced on its Twitter account. Rovio released Angry Birds for Android users on cross-platform app store.

Slide puzzle

This classic, tile sliding game features include a touch screen interface, multiple puzzle sizes and customizable look and feel.

Newton

Released a few months back in beta form, Newton is a maths/physics challenge that has you lining up shots at a target – but having to contend with the laws of nature, in the form of pushers, pullers, benders (no laughing), mirrors and traps, all deflecting your shot from its target.

Gem Miner

You are a sort of mole character that likes to dig things out of the ground. But that’s not important. The game itself has you micro-managing the raw materials you find, upgrading your digging powers and buying bigger and better tools and maps.

Frozen Bubble

Another key theme of the independent Android gaming scene is (ports of) clones of popular titles. Like Frozen Bubble, which is based around the ancient and many-times-copied concept of firing gems up a screen to make little groups of similarly coloured clusters.

Replica Island

An extremely polished platform game that pulls off the shock result of being very playable on an Android trackball. The heavy momentum of the character means you’re only switching direction with the ball or d-pad, letting you whizz about the levels with ease.

OpenSudoku

OpenSudoku is a simple open source sudoku game. It’s designed to be controlled both by finger and keyboard. It’s preloaded with 90 puzzles in 3 difficulty levels.

Toss It

It is very simple but surprisingly addictive: toss a ball of crumpled paper into a waste bin.

Top 10 Best Paid Android Games

Robo Defense

Robo Defense is a tower defense game for Google Android. Basically your job is to prevent enemy vehicles from getting from one side of the board to the other. But while the enemy troops can drive, run, or fly, all you’ve got to work with are stationary guns, rocket launchers, anti-aircraft missile launchers, and “slow towers,” which slow down enemy units. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $2.99

Mystique. Chapter 3: Obitus

It’s an adventurous game full of engaging graphics and a soundtrack that pulls you into the game, with 3D features. It’s horrific in nature, with a lot of gore to match, featured with scenes from a hospital and basement. The characters are pretty cool themselves; with puzzles to get turn those wheels in your head. This game can give young gamers and adults alike, a bone chilling experience.you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $2.99

Armored Strike Online

A quite superb turn-based strategy shooter thing, based on ancient classics like Death Tank and Worms. Everyone has a go at shooting, everyone waits to see if anyone else died, then the remaining living forces have another go. A superb game really brought to life by touchscreen controls and online play. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $3.99

ToonWarz

This game means serious business with great 3D effects with two player settings to let others join in the fun. It’s equipped with the best in features, and even has the option of playing with real players in death matches. Pretty impressive game. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $4.00

Radiant

Radiant is an Android game based on older arcade space shooters where you fight to overcome an alien horde.  If you’d like to relive classic shooter games, this is it.  It is made by Hexage who created another game you might’ve played. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $2.50

Flight Director

Flight Director is an Android game where you direct planes and choppers safely to their runway. Strategic planning and fast fingers are needed to get the job done.

Zenonia

If you’ve had enough of two-minute-wonders based around puzzles and words, try Zenonia. It’s a role-playing game, one created in the traditional, complex, character-enhancing style more common to ‘proper’ games systems. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $5.99

Buka

BUKA is a cute game of skill. Facing the impossible odds of countless baddies, BUKA has set on a quest to find The Happy Place. Protect her with powerful explosions and shockwaves you can create with single touch. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: £1.50

Shoot U!

A very odd-looking, hand-drawn physics game, Shoot U! has player firing a little person out of a canon – and trying to manage the laws of momentum and gravity to crash the poor chap’s body through walls, over walls, under walls and into the welcoming glow of the target. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $2.99

Gem Miner

This allows users to make a fortune by venturing into mines, for coal and other hidden bonuses like maps or gems. One needs to also have enough ladders to get themselves out of there, where making more money ensures you get better tools to find more valuables in the mine. you’ll need to pay for this game. Price: $2.00

12 Tips for Writing Better CSS


CSS
has been always a marvelous language for creating web pages. It’s better to learn from other’s mistake than to commit your own. Some generous designers/developers have posted really good tips and techniques to save time and effort and to excel CSS. So have a look on following tips as each one will teach you a different thing.

Start With A CSS Reset

CSS Reset usually aims to reduce browser inconsistencies by evening up the CSS default settings in all browsers. The most used CSS Rests are Eric Meyer CSS Reset and YUI Reset. Some people have said that css reset stylesheets aren’t needed (Jonathan Snook being one of them), but once you get used to the reset and what items you’re coding, it becomes much easier to ensure that every browser is displaying items properly.

Alphabetize

By alphabetizing  properties, you are creating  consistency that will help you reduce the time you spend searching for a specific property.  Always try to organize your CSS classes, IDs and rules in an alphabetical order. It helps your work to manipulate easily.

.idname
{
background: url("tital.jpg") no repeat;
border: 1px solid #ffffff;
font-size: 10px;
line-height: 24px;
margin: 45px;
padding: 0;
position: relative;
z-index: 101;
}

Organization

You should organize your stylesheet so that it is easy to find things and related items are close together. Use comments effectively. By using comments and grouping similar elements, it becomes much quicker to find what you are looking for.

body
{
background: #ffffff;
color: #222222;
font-size: 1em;
line-height: 1.4;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}

Consistency

If a selector is going to have more than 3 properties,Break it to multiple lines. It works  3 properties is about what fits on 1 line in my text editor before wrapping to another line. So just figure out what works for you and be consistent.

Indentation

When you’ve got 500 lines of css code to sift through, it can become straining on the eyes.

.classname
{
background: #FFF;
border: 0;
color: #252525;
float: left;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}

Commenting

comments are going to be a great way for you to keep things structured and clean. By commenting out blocks of code, save your time scanning but will be great for your clients when you pass along the code – they’ll be able to find items easier, fix items.

/* Here’s how you comment CSS */

Shorthand Code

Shorthand css code will allow you to speed up the writing process, cut down on clutter in your stylesheets and will allow you to find things much easier and cleaner.

element
{
.background-color: red;
back-image: none;
background-repeat: repeat;
background-position: top left;
background-attachment: scroll;
}

all these properties can be combined into one single background property as follows:

element
{
background: red none repeat top left scroll;
}

Table of Content

Writing in a table of contents in the beginning of your stylesheet will allow you, as well as anyone else viewing your css file, to find where the specific items in your code are before they even have to scroll.

/*******************************************************
1.Header code
2.Navigation code
3.Content code
4.Sidebar code
5.Footer code
*******************************************************/

Class and Id name

It will be better for you if you keep the naming structure of your CSS classes and IDs simple as it will allow you later to edit your codes and make necessary amendments.

.Header-title{.......}
.main-navigation{......}
.content{......}
.footer{........}

Invalid CSS

This is another revealing mistake did you see the error on the code? padding:auto is invalid. That style may apply to width and height, but not to padding.

Combine element

This one’s a lot easier. Basically, to avoid having to rewrite the same style declarations for a number different selectors, you can just group all the selectors in a comma-separated list and use it in one rule set.

p {
font-family: tahoma;
font-size: 14px;
}

div {
font-family: tahoma;
font-size: 14px;
}

blockquote {
font-family: tahoma;
font-size: 14px;
}
you can write it as follow:
p,div,blockquote
{
font-family: tahoma;
font-size: 14px;
}

Whitespace

When it comes to trying to reduce your CSS file sizes for performance, every space counts. there is absolutely no reason not to take out excess characters.  when you actually push your project onto the web where the size of your files really counts.

No Fallback Fonts

Web designers are pretty much limited to the few so called web-safe fonts (e.g. Arial, Georgia, serif, etc.). There is a plus side, though. You can still use fonts like Helvetica that aren’t necessarily installed on every computer. The secret lies in font stacks. Font stacks are a way for developers to provide fallback fonts for the browser to display if the user doesn’t have the preferred font installed.

Some Very Useful Javascript libraries

jQuery

jQuery is a fast and concise JavaScript Library that simplifies HTML document traversing, event handling, animating, and Ajax interactions for rapid web development. jQuery’s syntax is designed to make it easier to navigate a document, select DOM elements, create animations, handle events, and develop Ajax applications. jQuery also provides capabilities for developers to create plugins on top of the JavaScript library. Using these facilities, developers are able to create abstractions for low-level interaction and animation, advanced effects and high-level, theme-able widgets. This contributes to the creation of powerful and dynamic web pages.

MooTools

MooTools is a compact, modular, Object-Oriented JavaScript framework designed for the intermediate to advanced JavaScript developer. It allows you to write powerful, flexible, and cross-browser code with its elegant, well documented, and coherent API. MooTools  provides extensive DOM tools to allow you to select elements from the document, create new elements, and alter them. There are also shortcut helper functions (like $, $type, $chk, $random, etc.) that help you with common tasks.

Prototype

Prototype is one of the earlier Javascript frameworks and is also included in the Ruby on Rails framework. Of the websites in this test, a total of 13 used the Prototype framework. Prototype is a JavaScript Framework that aims to ease development of dynamic web applications. Featuring a unique, easy-to-use toolkit for class-driven development and the nicest Ajax library around, Prototype is quickly becoming the codebase of choice for web application developers everywhere.

Dojo

Dojo is an Open Source DHTML toolkit written in JavaScript. It builds on several contributed code bases (nWidgets, Burstlib, f(m)), which is why we refer to it sometimes as a “unified” toolkit. Dojo aims to solve some long-standing historical problems with DHTML which prevented mass adoption of dynamic web application development. Dojo allows you to easily build dynamic capabilities into web pages and any other environment that supports JavaScript sanely. You can use the components that Dojo provides to make your web sites more usable, responsive, and functional. With Dojo you can build degradable user interfaces more easily, prototype interactive widgets quickly, and animate transitions. The Dojo build process helps you optimize your JavaScript for deployment by grouping sets of files together and reuse those groups through “profiles”.

Yahoo! UI Library (YUI)

The YUI Library is a set of utilities and controls, written with JavaScript and CSS, for building richly interactive web applications using techniques such as DOM scripting, DHTML and AJAX. YUI is available under a BSD license and is free for all uses.

Chart and Graph Plotting Library
PlotKit

It has support for HTML Canvas and also SVG via Adobe SVG Viewer and native browser support. PlotKit is fully documented and there is a quick tutorial to get you started. PlotKit is a complete rewrite of CanvasGraph. It is better structured and supported.

JavaScript Chart

JS Charts is a JavaScript chart generator that requires little or no coding. JS Charts allows you to easily create charts in different templates like bar charts, pie charts or simple line graphs.

Flot

Flot is a pure Javascript plotting library for jQuery. It produces graphical plots of arbitrary datasets on-the-fly client-side.The focus is on simple usage (all settings are optional), attractive looks and interactive features like zooming and mouse tracking.

Bluff

Bluff is a JavaScript port of the Gruff graphing library for Ruby. It is designed to support all the features of Gruff with minimal dependencies; the only third-party scripts you need to run it are a copy ofJS.Class (2.6kB gzipped) and a copy of Google’s ExCanvas to support canvas in Internet Explorer. Both these scripts are supplied with the Bluff download. Bluff itself is around 11kB gzipped.

HTML-Graphs
Use this script to create horizontal / vertical bar graphs, progress bars and faders. You can create simple graphs and even grouped bar graphs with legends, add labels, change colors etc. No graphics or graphical libraries required.

Pie Graph

This is a purely DHTML/ CSS based Pie Graph script. It loads fast and blends in with the rest of the page. You can also use a transparent image for background.

JavaScript Diagram Builder

The JavaScript Diagram Builder v. 3.3 is a library of some objects and functions, which can help you to display a coordinate diagram (resp. a chart or graph) in your webpage in an easy way. The file ‘diagram.js’ contains all the necessary objects and functions.

Hottest Android Smartphones In India

Google Android (operating system) based phones have now entered the Indian market and they have been hit with the people in India and many have started purchasing these mobile phones
These days markets are flooding with android phones the operating system for mobiles is creating lots of buzz in market ,due to the features it offers like the customization options and the most important the Android Market from where one can buy applications from thousands of applications.
Let’s take a look at some of the hottest Android smartphones in India.

HTC Legend

HTC Legend sleek unibody design with a brilliant AMOLED display and a brushed metallic finish, feels great in your hand and stirs admiration from those around. Along with powerful social networking, group communication, and unmatched level of personalization, the HTC Legend is set to impress you.
HTC Legend is a full touch screen phone with a dimensions of 11.2 cm. (L) X 5.63 cm. (W) X 1.15 cm. (T) . The phone comes with a 8.12 cm. AMOLED Capacitive  Touch Screen with 320×480 Pixels HVGA 262K Color Display.The phone has a Android™ 2.1 OS and Qualcomm® MSM7227™, 600 MHz.
The HTC Legend also simplifies the way you tend to all your social networks. With Friend Stream, the various interaction with your friends across multiple social networks, like Facebook®, Twitter™, and Flickr™ are brought into a single easy to follow stream of updates, photo posts, and shared links. Friend Stream also lets you shout out your thoughts or feelings with all your online friends with a single update that gets broadcast to both Facebook and Twitter.

For connectivity it has
Bluetooth® 2.1 with Enhanced Data Rate
Wi-Fi®: IEEE 802.11 b/g
3.5 mm. Audio Jack
HTC ExtUSBâ„¢ (5-pin micro-USB 2.0)
Camera : 5 MP
3G Support : Yes
Pros : Android 2.1 , Fast Processor, Metal aluminum case
Cons : No video-call camera, No TV-out port
Price : 22,999INR approx

Buy Now

Motorola MILESTONE

Motorola MILESTONE is a blend of form and function that offers the thinnest QWERTY slider on the market (13.7mm) and a hi-resolution, multi-touch and pinch display with twice the pixels of the leading competitor.
For users who want the ultimate smart phone experience, MILESTONE offers the ability to use multiple applications at the same time, effortless multi-touch pinch and zoom browsing, and cinematic navigation through music, videos and maps of the world.
Features include an enriched Web experience, enhanced navigation features and access to thousands of apps and widgets from Android Marketâ„¢. A suite of Googleâ„¢ applications including Google Mapsâ„¢ with Latitudeâ„¢, Google Mailâ„¢ and YouTubeâ„¢ are also integrated onto the device.
In MILESTONE, form and function align to offer a clearer, more brilliant widescreen for enjoyable pinch and zoom Web browsing, the thinnest slider keyboard for messaging and push email that syncs both work and personal accounts, and a range of entertainment features including DVD quality video playback.

Key features include:
• World’s thinnest QWERTY slider at just 13.7mm
• 3.7” widescreen display with 854 pixel width and more than 400,000 total pixels (more than twice the leading competitor)
• Pinch & zoom and double tap features
• 5 megapixel camera with dual-LED flash
• Motorola Media Link and Motorola Phone Portal to manage and share media content across desktop, phone and the Web
• Stereo Bluetooth®
• 3.5mm headset jack
• CrystalTalk™ Plus for superior talk quality
Camera :5 MP
3G Support : Yes
Pros : Responsive; latest Android 2.1 OS ; 3.5mm audio connector.
Cons : Poor battery life, Price
Price : 25,299 INR approx

Buy Now

Samsung Galaxy S (I9000)

Samsung Galaxy S is another smartphone running the Android 2.1 OS (expected to be upgraded to 2.2 Froyo) that is highly in demand. Priced at Rs. 28,000, the Galaxy S offers a 4-inch super AMOLED WVGA capacitive touchscreen.   The Android 2.1 smartphone phone is capable  for HD-capable by DivX. The device is GPS-enabled and employs a Layar Reality Browser, through which users can capture their surroundings with the cell phone camera and gain an instant POI (point of interest) view of the street. This gives users access to the address, phone number, price listings and other information of the POI.  Along with the browser, users also get a preloaded Google Maps Navigation application for turn-by-turn navigation.
The TouchWiz user interface of the Samsung Galaxy S allows you to customize the homescreens on the phone and to integrate all your social networking contacts into one widget. An AllShare option provided via DLNA lets users connect and share media wirelessly between the phone, a TV and a PC. Other connectivity options on the Galaxy S include Bluetooth 3.0, HSDPA and Wi-Fi. The device also offers an innovative Wireless Tethering application through which you can connect to the Internet via 3G in places where online connections are not normally supported (such as cafes, parks or inside a car).
Additional features on the Samsung Galaxy S include an accelerometer, a proximity sensor and a ThinkFree document editor, which lets users access documents saved online via the phone. Talk time on the phone is promised to be 803 minutes (2G) and 393 minutes (3G), while standby time is likely to be 750 hours (2G) and 576 hours (3G).


For Connectivity it has
microUSB port (charging) and stereo Bluetooth v3.0
Wi-Fi 802.11 b, g and n support
Pros: 2.1 Android, recording high-definition 720p video
Camera : 5 MP
AMOLED display: 4 inch
processor : 1 GHz
Price: 28,000 INR approx

Buy Now

Sony ericsson xperia x10 mini

The phone, which also happens to be one of the smallest Android phone (if not the smallest) available now, features a 2.6 inch QVGA touchscreen, a 600Mhz processor, 128MB of internal memory – expandable to 32GB using microSD cards, Wi-Fi and GPS. It has a 5 megapixel camera with autofocus and LED flash at the rear and features Bluetooth as well as USB connectivity.
By introducing mobile phones that are both compact and clever, Sony Ericsson is challenging the norm and defining a brand new offering that combines high specification features with a version of Sony Ericsson’s powerful UX platform specifically designed for smaller devices.

For Connectivity it has
Wi-Fi,
Bluetooth 2.1 with A2DP and micro-USB 2.0.
using micro-SD cards of upto 16GB. 2GB micro-SD card
Camera : 5 MP
3G Support : Yes
Pros : Compact design , LED Flash, Price
Cons : Small screen size
Price : 25000 INR approx

Buy Now

HTC Tattoo

HTC Tattoo is a Android based bar type touch screen phone. It’s the first phone that can be customized inside and out. Decide how your phone looks, then decide what you want to look at. Texts? Twitter? Your photos? When you’re done customizing HTC Tattoo, you’ll have a phone that speaks loudly about who you are and what you’re into.
With HTC Tattoo, you don’t just pick the look, you make the look, by designing your own personal skin for the phone. Next, you decide what really matters to you on your phone. So if you’re into chatting, texting, and tweeting, you’ll put all your communication widgets and apps right on your front screen. If you’re into games, you’ll visit Android Market and download all the games you want. Put them right on the surface. The dedicated Search button sifts through tweets in Twitter?

For Connectivity it has
Bluetooth 2.0, Wi-Fi, GPS
Mini-USB
3G Support : Yes
Camera : 3.2 MP
Pros : Solid, Compact design , Capacitive touch screen, 2.8-inch screen with 240×320 QVGA resolution,256MB of RAM
Cons : Low screen resolution
Price : 17,799 INR approx

Buy Now

Samsung i5700 galaxy spica

Samsung i5700 Galaxy Spica is the version of the Samsung Galaxy i7500. Samsung i5700 Galaxy Spica comes with a capacitive screen measuring 3.2-inches with a resolution of 320×480 pixels supporting 16milion colors. AMOLED technology provides truly saturated beautiful colors with good image quality. It vaunts HVGA touch screen display, HSDPA connectivity, Wi-Fi, GPS and Google mobile services, Google search, Gmail, calendar, You Tube and Google talk applications etc. This new Android based smart phone has a full QWERTY keyboard with Bluetooth activation/deactivation. The Spica runs Android edition 1.5 and comes equipped with 800MHZ processor in comparison to the 528MHz core integrated into the i7500.

For Connectivity it has
USB Connector
Bluetooth 2.1
3G,USB2.0
Quad-band EDGE/GPRS + Dual-Band HSDPA
Camera : 3.2 MP
3G Support : Yes
Pros : AMOLED Screen, Powerful processor,  Accelerometer sensor
Cons : Camera could have been 5 MP
Price : 12,5oo INR approx

Buy Now

Samsung I7500 Galaxy

Android phone from samsung slim and stylish  – 11.9 mm slim profile.Stylish high glossy back cover design with anti-scratch disply (Tempered glass). Samsung I7500 comes with latest multimedia features. The large and vivid 3.2“AMOLED display ensures the brilliant representation of multimedia content and enjoyable full touch mobile experience. It offers users access to the full suite of Google services,including Google Search™, Google Maps™, Gmail™, YouTube™, Google Calendar™, and Google Talk™. The integrated GPS receiver enables the comprehensive use of Google Maps features. Embedded widgets such as news, weather, entertainment, etc.Also downloadable widgets like stock, search engine, and others.

For Connectivity it has
Bluetooth® with A2DP
3G HSDPA
Micro USB
WLAN WiFi®
Camera : 5 MP
3G Support : Yes
Pros : Solid, Compact design , Capacitive touch screen, Big Screen
Cons : Costly
Price : 12,499 INR approx

Buy Now

HTC wildfire

HTC Wildfire is an Android touch-screen mobile phone, comes with attractive price, features & technical specifications. HTC Wildfire featuring with  HTC Sense-based Android phone that integrates the most popular social networks,

For Connectivity it has
GPRS, EDGE, 3G HSDPA
Bluetooth 2.1
Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g
GPS transceiver with A-GPS
Camera : 5MP
3G Support : Yes
Pros: 3.2-inch QVGA display touchscreen
Cons : Costly
Price :Rs. 15,149INR approx

Buy Now

Motorola Backflip

It is its latest Android handset with a physical keyboard, following on from the Milestone and Dext handsets. Unlike the Milestone, the Backflip ships with the Motorola MotoBlur overlay to the Google OS, which first made an appearance on the Motorola Dext.The Motorola Backflip is a touchscreen smartphone released for the AT&T network on March 7, 2010 and Optus networks. It runs the open source Google Android software.
Take smart in a whole new direction with Motorola BACKFLIP™ with MOTOBLUR™.  BACKFLIP maximizes the multi-tasking potential of MOTOBLUR with unique design elements making it as smart as it is social. The reverse flip transforms BACKFLIP into a hands-free video player, music player, digital picture frame and alarm clock. It’s time to have some flippin’ fun with BACKFLIP with MOTOBLUR.

For Connectivity it has
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth 2.1
GSM/GPRS/EDGE
3G (850/1900/2100 MHz) comes with 7.2Mbp HSDPA
Camera: 5MP
3G Support:Yes  TFT capacitive touchscreen, 256K colors
Pros:3.1 inches
Cons: Costly
Price :Rs. 17,799INR approx

Buy Now

Logic To create “Diamond Shape”

I am learning to program and  i was struggling with “logic to create Diamond shape in PHP“. I searched but could not find it, so once i figured it out, i thought i will just write it here.

Diamoand

 
for($i = 0; $i <= 14; $i++ )
{
	 for($j = 1; $j<=1+$i ; $j++ )
	 {
		echo  "*" ;
	 }
	echo "";
}
for($y = 1; $y <= 15; $y++ )
{
	 for($x = 1; $x<=15-$y; $x++ )
	 {
		echo  "*" ;
	 }
	echo "";
}
Result is ....
Blank Diamond
for($i = 0; $i <= 14; $i++ )
{
	 for($j=1; $j<=1+$i;$j++)
	 {
		 if ($j==1)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo "-";
		 }
		 if ($j==$i+1)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo"  ";
		 }
	 }
	 echo "	";
}
for($i = 0; $i <= 14; $i++ )
{
	 for($j=1; $j<=14-$i;$j++)
	 {
		 if ($j==1)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo "-";
		 }
		 if ($j==14-$i)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo"  ";
		 }
	 }
	 echo "	";
}
Resule as...
Midline in Diamond shape
$n=14;
 for($i = 0; $i <= 13; $i++ )
 {
	 for($j=1; $j<=1+$i;$j++)
	 {
		 if ($j==1)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo "  ";
		 }
		 if ($j==$i+1)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo"  ";
		 }
	 }
	 echo "	";
	 if ($i+1==$n)
	 {
		 for($k = 0; $k <= $n*2; $k++ )
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
	 }
 }
 echo "";
 for($i = 0; $i <= $n; $i++ )
 {
	 for($j=1; $j<=$n-$i;$j++)
	 {
		 if ($j==1)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo "  ";
		 }
		 if ($j==$n-$i)
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
		 else
		 {
			echo "  ";
		 }
	 }
	 echo "	";
 }
result as
Plus in Diamond
$n=14;$m=7;$l=2;
for($i = 0; $i <= 13; $i++ )
{
	 for($j=1; $j<=1+$i;$j++)
	 {
		 if ($j==1)
			echo"*";
		 else
			echo"&nbsp;&nbsp;";
		 if ( $i % 2==$j)
		 {
			 for ($j=5;$j<=$i+1;$j++)
			 {
				 if ( $i % 2==$j)
					echo "*";
			 }
		 }
		 if ($j==$i+1)
			echo"*";
		 else
			echo"&nbsp;&nbsp;";
	 }
	 echo "<br >";
	 if ($i+1==$n)
	 {
		 for($k = 0; $k <= $n*2; $k++ )
		 {
			echo"*";
		 }
	 }
}
echo "<br >";
for($i = 0; $i <= $n; $i++ )
{
	for($j=1; $j<=$n-$i;$j++)
	{
		if ($j==1)
			echo"*";
		else
			echo"&nbsp;&nbsp;";
		if ( $i % 2==$j)
		{
			for ($j=14;$j<=$i+1;$j++)
			{
				if ( $i % 2==$j)
					echo "*";
			}
		}
		if ($j==$n-$i)
			echo"*";
		else
			echo"&nbsp;&nbsp;";
	}
	echo "<br >";
}

Result as

i am still learning if their is any mistake do let me know.

Big List Of CMS Based on PHP

A Content Management System ( CMS ) is used to add, edit, and delete content on a website. For a small website, such as this, adding and deleting a page manually is fairly simple. But for a large website with lots of pages like a news website adding a page manually without a content management system can be a headache. A CMS is meant to ease the process of adding and modifying new content to a webpage. The pages content are stored in database, not in the file server. HTML and other scripting language are not necessary to operate a CMS, though having them will add more advantages. Since we had looked here  list of Open Source PHP Content Management Systems so that readers who don’t have strong PHP knowledge can easily create their website using free and open source CMS.

WordPress

WordPress does a pretty good job as a CMS, making it easy to maintain your site, and update your content. Initially it was designed as a blogging platform. However, it slowly become popular and can be customized into a powerful CMS with some tricks and plugins.

Drupal

Drupal is a free and open source modular framework and Content Management System (CMS) written in PHP. It is used as a back-end system for many different types of websites, ranging from small personal blogs to large corporate and political sites.

Joomla

Joomla is an award-winning content management system (CMS), which enables you to build Web sites and powerful online applications. Many aspects, including its ease-of-use and extensibility, have made Joomla the most popular Web site software available. Best of all, Joomla is an open source solution that is freely available to everyone.

Frog CMS

Frog CMS simplifies content management by offering an elegant user interface, flexible templating per page, simple user management and permissions, as well as the tools necessary for file management. 5. SliverStripe SilverStripe is a PHP CMS built with Sapphire framework, and it uses MVC design pattern. you can view example sites that built with SilverStripe from the official webpage. Mambo

Mambo is a full-featured, award-winning content management system that can be used for everything from simple websites to complex corporate applications. Mambo’s “power in simplicity” also makes it the CMS of choice for many small businesses and personal sites. Although some Mambo sites had already migrated to Joomla, but i think i should include Mambo as it is still a great CMS.

TYPOlight

TYPOlight now called Contao. TYPOlight is a PHP 5 CMS and it has a lot of features such as live update, cross-browser CSS framework generator(IE7 compatible), templated based front end output, use Ajax and Web 2.0 technologies.

Concrete5

Concrete5 is an open source content management system with simple administaror interface. It enables users to edit site content directly from the page. This makes the platform easy to use with a minimum of technical skills. Textpattern

Textpattern is an open source content management system.its aim is to be a general-purpose content management system suitable for deployment in many contexts. Textpattern is written in PHP using a MySQL database backend .

Symphony

Symphony is a CMS that uses XML/XSLT as its templating language. Symphony lets you customize anything you like, from the website’s URL structure to your publishing environment. For a non programmer, this CMS might be complicated to learn.

MODx

MODx is both a PHP application framework and content managenemt system. MODx is the first free PHP CMS to offer an API that fully supports Web 2.0 Ajax technology. It is SEO friendly CMS, and allows you to configure the meta content for each page.

CMS Made Simple

CMS Made Simple helps experienced web developers and designers to create sites of power and beauty in a fraction of the normal time, avoiding hours of coding and allowing your clients to update their own sites with a minimum of fuss. CMS Made Simple puts the power of a modular and extendable content management system at your fingertips. And best of all, it’s free!

JOJO CMS

Jojo Open Source CMS offers a fair bit of functionality out of the box, that other paid or free CMS systems don’t have, or require hacking to have. JOJO CMS have some feature, like Multi-site install, Image Handlling, SEO friendly CMS and Plugins.

Chyrp

Chyrp is a blogging engine designed to be very lightweight while retaining functionality. it uses Twig as the templating engine. It is powered by PHP and has very powerful theme and extension.

Elxis CMS

Elxis is powerful open source content management system. It has unique multi-lingual features, it follows W3C standards, it is secure, flexible, easy to use, and modern. The development team, Elxis Team, paid extra attention to the optimization of the CMS for the search engines and this lead to high performance of all elxis powered web sites and to high ranking in search engines results.

Habari Project

Habari is a highly recommended open source blogging platform. It is being written specifically for modern web hosting environment, and uses modern object oriented programming techniques.

Impress CMS

ImpressCMS is a community developed Content Management System. It is highly scalable and is extremely useful for managing online communities.

Exponent CMS

Exponent uses an intuitive and flexible content editing system that allows website pages to be edited on the page as it is displayed. You can download modules and themes from the official website too!

Mia CMS

Mia CMS is a fork of the Mambo CMS. It has a powerful and extensible third party entension system, and also a flexible site theming capabilities. MiaCMS supports OpenID and can consider to be a stable and mature CMS.

Nano CMS

NanoCMS is a php open source, gpl licensed flat file content management system. It does not use a MySQL database and is ideal for small websites. It is a very small package (hence the nano part).


Check out PHPCamp a place to share news, views and articles that are useful to PHP community.

How To Use SQL Joins


SQL
joins are used to query data from two or more tables, based on a relationship between certain columns in these tables.

The process of forming pairs of rows by matching the contents of related columns is called joining the tables. The resulting table (containing data from both of the original tables) is called a join between the two table.

Join are the only mechanism for exercising cross-table data relationships. A typical join condition specifies a foreign key from one table and its associated key in the other table. Specifying a logical operator (for example, = or <>,) to be used in comparing values from the columns.

Different types of  SQL  join

  • JOIN: Return rows when there is at least one match in both tables.
  • INNER JOIN: Return rows when there is at least one match in both tables.
  • LEFT JOIN: Return all rows from the left table, even if there are no matches in the right table.
  • RIGHT JOIN: Return all rows from the right table, even if there are no matches in the left table.
  • FULL JOIN: Return rows when there is a match in one of the tables.

Before we see the join example, first will create two tables.  They are :

CREATE TABLE table_name

(
column_name1 data_type,
column_name2 data_type,
column_name3 data_type,
….
)

We create a first table called “Persons” that contains five columns: P_Id, LastName, FirstName, Address, and City.

CREATE TABLE Persons
(
P_Id int,
LastName varchar(255),
FirstName varchar(255),
Address varchar(255),
City varchar(255)
)

Persons Table

P_Id FirstName LastName Address city

We will store the Persons details in the Persons table like P_Id, lastName and address. In the Persons table P_Id column is the identity column. Hence P_Id is the Primary key.

INSERT INTO table_name (column1, column2, column3,…)
VALUES (value1, value2, value3,…)

Now we  insert a values  in row in the “Persons” table.

INSERT INTO Persons
VALUES (4,’Nilsen’, ‘Pettersen’ , ‘Stavanger’, ‘ Hansen’)

Persons Table

P_Id FirstName LastName Address city
1 Hansen ola Timoteivn Sandnes
2 Stavanger toa Borgvn Sandnes
3 Pettersen Kari Storgt Stavanger
4 Nilsen johan Bakken Stavanger

We will create second Order table, and in the Orders table, order information will be stored. In the order table CompanyId will have the value of the id column of the company table. Hence P_Id is the foreign key.

Order Table

O_Id Order_no Address P_Id
1 323 5 Borgvn 3
2 8876 Borgvn 3
3 6677 Storgt 2
4 9065 Timoteivn 1
5 1145 Timosion 22

INNER JOIN or JOIN

The INNER JOIN key word will return there is at least one match in both tables.

Syntax

SELECT colume_name(s)

FROM table_name1

INNER JOIN table_name2

ON table_name1.column_name=table_name2.column_name

or

SELECT colume_name(s)

FROM table_name1

JOIN table_name2

ON table_name1.column_name=table_name2.column_name

Example

SELECT Persons. FirstName, Persons. LastName, Order. Order_no

FROM Persons

INNER JOIN Order

ON Persons.P_Id=Order.P_Id

Order By Person. LastName

Result

LastName FirstName Order_no
ola Hansen 9065
toa Stavanger 6677
kari Pettersen 8876
kari Pettersen 3235

The INNER JOIN keyword return rows when there is at least one match in both tables. If there are rows in “Persons” that do not have matches in “Orders“, those rows will NOT be listed.

LEFT JOIN

The LEFT JOIN keyword returns all rows from the left table (table_name1), even if there are no matches in the right table (table_name2).

Syntex

SELECT column_name(s)

FROM table_name1

LEFT JOIN table_name2

ON table_name1.column_name=table_name2.column_name

Example

SELECT Persons. FirstName, Persons. LastName, Order. Order_no

FROM Persons

LEFT JOIN Order

ON Persons.P_Id=Order.P_Id

Order By Person. LastName

Result

LastName FirstName Order_no
ola Hansen 9065
toa Stavanger 6677
kari Pettersen 8876
kari Pettersen 3235
johan Nilsen NULL

In the Left Join example result “Nilsen” details included even though there is no “Order_no”  available in the orders table.

RIGHT JOIN

The RIGHT JOIN keyword Return all rows from the right table (table_name2), even if there are no matches in the left table (table_name1).

Syntex

SELECT column_name(s)

FROM table_name1

RIGHT JOIN table_name2

ON table_name1.column_name=table_name2.column_name

Example

SELECT Persons. FirstName, Persons. LastName, Order. Order_no

FROM Persons

RIGHT JOIN Order

ON Persons.P_Id=Order.P_Id

Order By Person. LastName

It will return all the rows from the right table (Order) even if there are no rows in the left table (Persons)

In the orders table we will not have the orders for Nilsen. When you use the left join Nilsen will  be included in the list. But if we use right join then they will not  be included.

Result

LastName FirstName Order_no
ola Hansen 9065
toa Stavanger 6677
kari Pettersen 8876
kari Pettersen 3235
NULL NULL 1145

The RIGHT JOIN keyword returns all the rows from the right table (Orders), even if there are no matches in the left table (Persons).

FULL JOIN

The FULL JOIN keyword return rows when there is a match in one of the tables.

Syntex

SELECT column_name(s)

FROM table_name1

FULL JOIN table_name2

ON table_name1.column_name=table_name2.column_name

Example

SELECT Persons. FirstName, Persons. LastName, Order. Order_no

FROM Persons

FULL JOIN Order

ON Persons.P_Id=Order.P_Id

Order By Person. LastName

FULL JOIN will return all the rows from the left table Persons and all the rows from the right table Orders. If there are rows in Orders that do not have matches in Persons, or if there are rows in Persons that do not have matches in Orders, those rows will be listed as well.

RESULT

LastName FirstName Order_no
ola Hansen 9065
toa Stavanger 6677
kari Pettersen 8876
kari Pettersen 3235
johan Nilsen NULL
NULL NULL 1145

In the persons table we are not having persons last and firstname for some orders. For that case, Null values is included in the LastName and FirstName columns. Like this same in order_no column, Null values is included.  As a result, all of the rows from the Orders table, and all the rows from persons table displayed.

A List of Top Beaches Along The Konkan Coast

There are a lot of beautiful beaches along the entire Konkan coast. Most of this beaches are not yet truly discovered by the tourists and are far better than the so called popular beaches in India. We are giving you a list of Beach along the Konkan Coast.

Many of the beaches like Alibag, Guhagar, Harihareshwar, kihim, Ganpatipule on the coast are dangerous for swimming and proper care should be taken while entering the water.

Alibaug beach

Located at a convenient distance from Mumbai and Pune, Alibag is the ideal getaway of tourists looking for Virgin beaches and majestic forts.

Alibag is a small beach town few hours drive away from Pune on the Konkan coast with a long stretch of beach from Rewas to Revdanda. Alibag beach is famous for its fresh air, clean water & sand and seafood – special spicy konkan food. Lately Alibag has become a preferred weekend holiday destination from Pune for people looking for a weekend getaway. Alibag is about 4 hours drive from Pune.

The beaches of Akshi and Nagaon

Located on Alibag. The hamlet of Akshi is just 5 km away from Alibag.  The Akshi Beach is a beautiful white sand beach. Plenty of suru trees can be seen along the coast. The water is very clean and it renders safety for swimming. The beach is also a favorite among the birdwatchers and nature lovers.

Nearly 7 km away from Alibag, the Nagaon beach, lies between Alibag and Revdanda. The beach is lined with Casurina Plants (Local Name: Suru) and is clean and beautiful. While the sea is rough here, it is not dangerous like the Alibag beach.

Kashid beach

Located on the Road to Murud Kashid beach is a lovely stretch of white sand and clear water. It is one of the best beaches on the Alibag Murud Stretch,

Kashid is a beautiful seaside weekend retreat on the Konkan stretch and arguably one of the best beaches around Pune.Kashid is popular mainly because of its white sand, blue seas, green mountains, and paddy fields. Kashid has a 3 km stretch of beach tucked in between two rocky hillocks with Casuarina groves all around the seashore. This is by far the best beach in this part of the Konkan region and though quite deserted,

Kihim beach

Located at 12 kms. From Alibag, on the Mandwa-Alibag road Kihim is a very beautiful place to stay, it has a long beach which is excellent and clean. It is a favorite weekend getaway of mumbaikars. It is relatively quiet but stony and hence not safe for a swim or even wading in water. Quite a few birds drop by at the Kihim beach in the morning. Kihim Beach boasts exquisite natural intensity and is most look forward place to visit. The beach is surrounded by various wooded trees, colorful butterflies and wild flowers. It is a secluded beach and is far away from the commercialization clutches as well as maintains its natural beauty.

Revdanda beach

located at 17 Kms. From Alibag revdanda is an important port. The Salav bridge at revdanda which joins Murud and Alibag gives a cool view of the surroundings, You can see a beautiful sight of Revdanda port, beach and The Vikram Ispat factory from the bridge. A walk to the adjoining beach will give you a breathtaking view of the Revdanda Fort. The fort was built by a Portuguese Captain by the name of Soj in 1558.

Karde ( Murud) beach

Located at 11 kms. from Dapoli the beach at Karde (Murud) is excellent white sand beach and we would like to rate it as one of the best beaches on the Konkan coast.

Srivardhan beach

Srivardhan is a nice place with sun kissed sands on a spectacular beach. It has a nice atmosphere and an unpolluted air and sea. The beach at Srivardhan is a very good beach and a nice place to spend your evenings watching the sunset.

Harihareshwar beach

located at only 18 kms. from Srivardhan is also a beautiful place with with an ancient Shiv Temple and Kalbhairav Temple situated on the beach. Harihareshwar beach is also a very clean and excellent beach. It is famous for a temple on the seashore as well as the beach and the natural beauties.

Bagmandla beach

Bagmandla beach Situated near Srivardhan is a very clean and secluded beach near Harihareshwar, you will surely enjoy playing in the white sands and clean water on the beach. You can also take a boat ride from here to the nearby Bankot Fort.


Diveagar beach

Diveagar was the ancient capital of the Shilahar kings. Diveagar has a beautiful beach situated behind the Ganpati Temple and stretches up to 4-5 kms. The beach is a very clean and beautiful beach with clear waters, and unlike other beaches it is not very crowded.


Kelshi beach
Located at 40 kms. from Dapoli, Kelshi is a typical small Konkani village. The 2.5 Kms. beach at Kelshi is very beautiful and secluded and there are beautiful sand dunes on the beach where children enjoy sliding down on the sand dunes. This beach between two rocky hills.

Harnai beach

located at 200 kms away from Mumbai. Despite its quietness, Harnai fort is  a main tourist attraction of the area. South of Harnai fort is the palm-fringed beach of Murud, famous for its clean white sands and safe waters. Panhale Kazi, the famous rock-cut monument is 30 km from Murud-Harnai.


Guhagar beach

located at 42 Kms. from Chiplun is a typical Konkani town with a beautiful clean Beach where a lot of people come in the evenings to see the sunset. There is an ancient Shiv temple of Vyadeshwar here.  Guhagar beach offers all sanctity one looks in a serene and secluded beach. The invasions of modern concrete buildings are scanty in this beach. The beach offers a perfect place for sunbath, relaxation and meditation, away from the madding crowds. Attracts the visitors to its lap in Guhagar. The beach is assumed to be very safe, with many venturing out to sea for a bath.

Velneshwar beach

Located at 16 Kms. from Guhagar, Velneshwar has a beautiful beach and an Ancient Shankar Temple. The Temple complex has three four different temples and the secluded beach behind the temple is very beautiful and clean. is an ideal beach for swimming and sunbathing. The green coconut palm grooves and rock free seawater make the beach so beautiful and attractive. Water sports are the frequent activities,


Ganpatipule beach

Ganpatipule is famous for the ‘Swayambhu’ Ganpati temple and the whole hill is considered as a ganpati. A lot of people visit Ganpatipule and it is becoming a hot tourist destination. The beach at Ganpatipule stretches for 12 kms. and is a very beautiful white sand beach. It is one of the most beautiful beaches on the konkan coast, However caution should be taken before entering the sea as lot of people die every year because of drowning.


Bhandarpule beach

Located at 3 Kms. from ganpatipule, Bhandarpule also has a very beautiful beach. The beach at Bhandarpule is secluded and less crowded than Ganpatipule, However the sea here also is dangerous for swimming. you can get a beautiful view of ganpatipule and Bhandarpule beach from the top of the hill before descending to Bhandarpule.

Ratnagiri beach

Ratnagiri is a beautiful city and an important port. The city is quiet industrialized and has many fish processing and exporting units. The Ratnagiri beach is a lovely beach, which penetrates the sea and you can see a White sand beach on one side and a Black sand beach on the other at the same time. You can watch a beautiful sunset at the beach in the evenings.


Tarkarli beach

.Located at 6 kms south of Malvan and 546 kms gone beginning Mumbai on the coast of Maharashtra is Tarkarli. The mojar attraction at this time is the prolonged and narrow stretch of beach, with its spotless water. On a tidy day, you can see the sea bed from end to end a depth of 20 ft. Then, of avenue near are the forts, Singhudurg, one of Maharashtra’s new popular and meaning sea forts, built in the 17 th century and the famous Padmagarh fort.

Vengurla beach

Located at 25 Kms. from Savantwadi, Vengurla is a beautiful coastal town with a excellent beach and a port. The Dutch and Portuguese conducted trade activities on a large scale through the Vengurla port. The beach near the port has some very beautiful spots where you can relax on big boulders and look at the ships and boats in the sea.

Dahanu Bordi beach

Dahanu, a quite seaside town with a sprawling, uncluttered beach, is situated in Thane district. The Dahanu-Bordi stretch is 17 kms. This once-barren land thrived under Irani settlers, an earthy people. Dahanu is lined with fruit orchards and is famous for its chickoos. Accessible from Dahanu is Udwada, the ‘Mecca of Zoroastrians’ and a port town of Sanjan, one of the early settlement regions of the Zoroastrians who fled to the Indian sub-continent in order to escape religious persecution in their Persian homeland. It was here that these Iranian refugees built their first fire temple in India. An amazing fact, but true : this fire has been kept alive for almost thousand years.

Dapoli beach

Dapoli can be best described as a place where a hill station and a beach come together. Situated at a height of 800feet above sea level in Ratnagiri District, on the west coast of Maharashtra, India. Dapoli is blessed with natural beauty and cool climate throughout the year having a long coastline surrounded with forest and is a home for various migratory birds and animals. Dapoli also known as “Mahabaleshwar of Konkan” is a perfect place to spend time with friends and family for weekend or for holidays.




Different Type of Facials for You

A facial is a great way to take care of your skin. It is skin treatment for the face, though you may be lucky and get some neck or shoulder massage (and sometimes even a foot massage) too. There are a variety of types of facials, different types of products used, and there can be some variation in length. The typical extensive facial generally lasts about an hour or even longer, and other treatments called “mini-facials” may only take about 15-30 minutes.

A Facial Includes Cleansing, Massage, Masks and Yes, Product Recommendations!

The Basic Steps of a Facial

A clean up cleanses, exfoliates and moisturizes facial skin. Ugly blackheads and whiteheads are cleared by gently steaming the face. Regular clean-ups can prevent and reduce skin problems. The skin is first cleansed under steam, and then very gently scrub granules are massaged over the skin. After removing the scrub, another creamy cleanser is applied and the skin is exfoliated further with a soft rotating electric brush and massaged. These are recommended for all skin types and can be done on people under the age of 25.

The advantages of Clean-up are :
* It reduces tanning
* Removes dirt and blackheads
* Provides a clean and glowing complexion.

Normal facials
These facials are a simple cleanse, steam and massage affair. They’re the least expensive of all facials. They’re also the best option for normal skin that isn’t prone to acne. The difference between these facials and a clean up is that the skin is massaged for a longer period of time in a facial.

Special facials
These are a step-up from the normal facial. Specially formulated hypoallergenic creams are used to moisturize the skin. Face packs are applied depending on different skin types and special cleansing and rejuvenation techniques are also part of the process. These are recommended for people with sensitive skins.

Bio-lift facials
In addition to cleansing, massage and rejuvenation techniques, these facials include treatment that targets dark circles under the eye. The characteristic of this facial is the bio-mask, which tones and tightens the skin on the face, making it look younger.

AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) facials
AHA acids, which are derived from fruits and flowers, are known for their anti-aging effects. These facials use creams formulated with AHAs, which help the skin look smoother and healthier. They are also recommended for people who have pigmented skin, and are prone to wrinkling easily.

In these, creams containing flower extracts are used, which improve action of the capillaries, skin texture and tighten pores– inducing relaxation and calming the mind. In ancient times, the fragrance of rose, lavender, jasmine, neroli, etc., was used to cure depression, insomnia, anxiety and other mental states. Fresh fruit facials are done with pulps of fresh fruits; mostly seasonal fruits. For e.g. Orange or sweet Lime pulp. Fresh fruit facial is very good for very sensitive skin, which cannot tolerate any chemically prepared cosmetics. Fruits are chosen according to the skin type. Banana for dry skin and Orange for oily skin.

Paraffin facials
These facials are offered as part of bridal beauty packages. It involves the application of a special paraffin mask on the face over layers of gauze, which helps seal in the special anti-aging and rejuvenating creams applied to the skin. It aids better absorption and brings back the radiance of the skin.

Anti-oxidant and pollution-fighting facials
This facial uses creams and masks enriched with free-radical fighting agents like vitamin A, beta-carotene and vitamin E. Pollutants are first removed and the skin is then deep cleansed in this procedure. This is recommended for people who have to be outdoors often-on account of their work.

Acne Facials
A treatment for those who suffer with troubled skin; particularly effective on teenage and adult acne. After cleansing this treatment begins with enzyme or glycolic acid exfoliation and a warm vapor mist, followed by extensive manual deep pore extractions, electric disencrustation and a skin-calming, anti-bacterial masque. This facial should be performed at regular, two-week intervals until problem clears.

Collagen Facials
This type of facial includes use of a multi-phase technique of exfoliation, warm vapor, deep pore cleansing, lymphatic drainage massage and self healing mineral or paraffin masque over a freeze dry collagen sheet to ensure the ideal hydrating effect. Normally in this kind of facial, liquid nutrients in the form of vials or ampoules are used and for quick absorption of liquid nutrients in the skin, laser or galvanic treatment is done. This is an effective preventative treatment against harmful environmental damage, wrinkles and dark circles. Recommended for all skin types.

Aromatherapy Facial
In these essential oils are used, which have potent and specific curative properties that are of particular benefit to the skin. They are effective for relaxation of body and mind. Aromatherapy facials help clear skin congestion and improve the normal functions of the skin. The mask, which is applied at the end of the massage, also contains essential oils. The eliminati

Galvanic Facial
In this Galvanic gadget is used, by which a steady, direct galvanic current is utilized, to introduce water-soluble substances through the skin. It heightens the skin’s capacity to absorb and improves the penetration of the products. The treatment of specific problems becomes easier. This benefits dry, dehydrated skins, improving moisture retention. It also helps remove congestion.

Gold Facial
This facial makes use of creams containing 24-Carat pure gold, which penetrates the skin easily. It is a powerful rejuvenating treatment. Gold has a powerful effect on lymphatic drainage, facilitating the removal of toxins and wastes. This accelerates the regeneration of new cells. Masks, containing gold, are also applied. The gold facial helps to restore youthful qualities, like softness, smoothness, elasticity, resilience and radiance.

Conclusion

Facials involve a cleansing procedure, a massage and steam, and the application of a facemask. What they help to do is remove the dead, dull outer layer of cells that make up the skin’s surface or epidermis along with pollutants. The massage, which is an important part of a facial, helps blood circulation, which in turn aids lymphatic drainage (the removal of toxins and waste from the body). A massage also relaxes the facial muscles and is very important to delay the onset of wrinkles. The face is steamed during a facial for two main reasons. Firstly, steam helps the skin absorb cream better. Secondly, it helps in softening blackheads and whiteheads so that they can be removed easily. The application of a facemask in the end helps tone and clarifies the skin. Facemasks are also used to treat dry and acne-ridden skin.

What To See In Pune

Pune is in Maharashtra, India. It is second largest city in the state and is considered the state’s cultural capital. The city contains the headquarters of an administrative division officially known as the Pune division. The large student population in the city makes for a lively nightlife and vibrant atmosphere. Pune also houses fantastic restaurants, good museums and is well known for its surrounding hill forts which offer panoramic bird’s-eye views.

If you are in mood to spent summer holiday in Pune , here is list of “What to see in Pune“.

Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum

The museum is housed in a Rajasthani style building situated close to the hustle and bustle of the busy Bajirao Road. It holds a collection of the most fascinating Indian arts and crafts that you would have ever seen. Mastani Mahal which was brought and erected as it was from its original form is a masterpiece amongst it’s other exhibits. It has 36 sections which include carved palace and temple doors, 2,000 year old pottery, traditional Indian lamps and 17th century paintings.

Tribal Museum

Located off Koregaon Road to the east of Pune City Stn, this unique museum houses interesting artifacts from the Sahyadri and Gondhwa regions of Maharashtra.

Mahatma Phule Museum

You can see various industrial products, agricultural and handicraft articles in this museum, which was established in 1890. It is situated on Ghole Road, in Shivaji Nagar.

National War Museum

The idea of the National War Memorial was first put forth in 1996. The citizens of Pune, under the sponsorship of the Express Citizens’ Forum, set up the War Memorial fund. The committee asked the citizens of the city to contribute to the fund. From the ordinary common citizen to the big corporates, everyone decided to contribute whole-heartedly for the museum. The Foundation was laid in November 1997 and inaugurated in October 1998. The memorial is a 25-foot stone pillar.


Saras Baag

A Ganesh Temple stands in the middle of the garden in lake. It was built by Peshwa Bajirao II.

Aga Khan Palace

A gracious building having Italian arches, salons, suites and spacious lawns. The place is a historical landmark. During the 1942 Quit India Movement, the British interned Mahatma Gandhi and his wife Kasturba Gandhi here. The palace belonged to Aga Khan, prince and head of Khoja sect who later donated the palace in order to erect a memorial , in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and his wife Kasturba (who died in this palace). Must see is a photographic exibition of various epochs in the freedom movement. You can see very rare B&W photos as well as paintings. The place is full of tranquility and solace. Also visit samadhi of Kasturba Gandhi which is in the backyard.

Parvati Hill temples

Standing atop this hillock you get a vertical glimpse of Pune. A steep flight of 108 narrow steps leads to the hill top temple built by Balaji Baji Rao. ‘Nagarkjana’ drum house is the imposing temple of Parvati and Devdeveshwar. This was once the private shrine of the Peshwas. It is also the final resting place of Nana Saheb Peshwa. The Parvati museum houses portraits of Peshwas, old manuscripts, coins etc.

Katraj

A famous Jain Temple and a Snake Park are located here.

Bund Garden

This garden is also known as the Mahatma Gandhi Udyan. It was built by Sir Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy, on the right bank of the Mula-Mutha to provide the poor with water during summer. Main attraction here is the evening boat rides, horse rides etc. The garden is famous for Bhel-Puri and Pani-Puri. It is situated on the Airport road and very close to the Camp area.

Sinhagad and Khadakwasala
This is a fort nearby which is a beautiful place to see. This is also a historic place in King Shivaji era. Khadakwasala has a dam and this place is famous for natural beauty around. A lot of folks flock here during rainy season.

Bhimshankar Wildlife Sanctuary

It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1974 and situated at an altitude of 2100 feet to 3800 feet, spread over three districts of Pune, Raigad and Thane. Bhimashankar wildlife’s vegetation comprises of semi-evergreen forests as well as western tropical hill forests. Two major Tributaries of Krishna River named Bhim and Ghod, originate from this area.